What Does JROTC Stand For?
JROTC stands for Junior Reserve Officer Training Corps.
The United States Armed Forces sponsors the Junior Reserve Officers Training Corps (JROTC) in high schools as well as in middle schools in the United States. It also supports military bases around the world. This program was initially created under the National Defense Act 1916, and then expanded under the 1964 ROTC Vitalization Act.
Role and purpose | What does JROTC stand for
Title 10, Section 2031  under the United States Code states that the Junior Reserve Officers Training Corps’ purpose is to instill in secondary schools in the United States the values of citizenship, duty to the United States, personal responsibility, and a sense o accomplishment. 10 The 542.4 of Title 32 (National Defense), Code of Federal Regulations has been declared by the Department of the Army as the following:
NJROTC Cadets Visit USS Theodore Roosevelt November 2005
- Developing citizenship and patriotism
- Develop self-reliance and responsiveness towards all authority
- Improve your communication skills both orally as well as in writing
- Recognizing the importance of fitness
- To increase respect for the U.S. Armed Forces supporting national objectives
- Develop a basic understanding of military skills and team building skills
- Cadets can rank higher by completing the course for 1-3 years if they choose to pursue a military career.
Section 524.5  in the CFR National Defense title says that JROTC must “provide meaningful leadership instruction of benefit for the student and of great value to the Armed Forces.” Students will gain: (1) A basic understanding of leadership, military science and art, (2) an introduction to related professional knowledge and (3) an appreciation of national security requirements. We will examine the dual roles of soldier/citizen and citizen/soldier. … These programs will allow cadets better serve their country in leadership, citizenship, and military service if they are drafted. … Although the JROTC or NDCC do not produce officers, they should encourage positive attitudes toward the Services and towards careers in the Armed Forces.
According to the military, JROTC will inform and motivate young Americans about military opportunities.  An Army policy memo from 1999 stated that JROTC “while not intended to be a specific recruitment tool, there is nothing that prohibits… facilitating… the recruitment of young men or women into the U.S Army.” It directed instructors to “actively assistance cadets [and] emphasize service to the U.S Army; facilitate recruiter accessibility to cadets [and] work closely [with] high school guidance counselors to sell the Army story to] [and] [and] [and] ”  During a testimony before the House Armed Services Committee in February 2000, the armed services chiefs testified that between 30% and 50% of JROTC cadets went on to join the military.
- General James L. Jones was then Commandant for the Marine Corps and testified to the “unquestionable” value of the Marine JROTC Program. One-third of the young people who sign up for Junior ROTC end up in the uniform of a marine.
- General Eric K. Shinseki was then the Chief Of Staff of United States Army. He testified that “Our indicators are about 30% of those young people–we don’t recruit them, as we know.” This is not allowed. However, because of all the positive aspects of that experience, around 30% end up joining the Army. They either enlist or go on to ROTC, then join the officer population.
- General Michael E. Ryan was the Chief Of Staff of the United States Air Force. He testified that almost 50 percent of those who go […] from the Air Force Junior ROTC enlist or go to ROTC, or go to one of our academies.
- Admiral Jay L. Johnson was then Chief Of Naval Operations and testified that even though it is only 30%, it is still a significant number. Think about the 70 percent that we get from them. They are exposed to us. They are exposed to the military. The education mandate we all share in principals, school counselors and school district that won’t allow us in is a powerful tool that I believe can educate regardless of whether they end up in military service. It is difficult to say that it is worth the investment, but it is possible. “
General Colin Powell stated in 1995 his autobiography, “The armed forces might make a youngster more likely to enlist as the result of Junior ROTC,” but also said that “Inner city kids, many from poor homes, found stability, and role models in Junior ROTC.” “ U.S. “ U.S. ”  The former Secretary of Defense William Cohen described JROTC to be “one of our best recruitment programs.” “